Beyond its core functions of central banking, the European Central Bank (ECB) plays a pivotal role in the new European economic and financial governance framework. The central bank has numerous changing, expanding and emerging tasks and several long-standing relations with European institutions are presently re-negotiated. Further, the social and institutional embeddedness of the Central Bank, as well as the legal architecture and more generally the consequences of the institutional heterogeneity of the European Monetary Union have changed significantly. This results in a re-definition of the central bank’s role in European Union governance, and its relations with European institutions, EU Member States and its public. Against this backdrop, the conference aims at discussing these recent developments by bringing together insights from different disciplines, such as political science, economics, law, and sociology. More than 30 senior and junior scholars and practitioners out of the field provide academic contributions. In order to examine the political role of the ECB in the European Union governance framework, the conference is composed of nine panels. These are scheduled for 90 minutes each. All panels comprise not more than three papers and will be allocated a discussant/chair, allowing for 15 minutes of presentation of each paper and up to 45 minutes of intense discussion with the audience.